Whatever we use or consume shows our need and the need varies on an individual basis, everybody has their own needs but things we use are of two types either recyclable or one-time use. Mostly all the wet waste are not recyclable mostly coming from kitchen waste whereas dry waste can be recycled and use again, but why recycle is important?
Take an example of plastic which comes under dry waste although we know plastic or polyethylene is non degradable means can’t be decompose easily but due to light in weight and durable it penetrated to our lifestyle so deeply that instead of government ban we use, so I guess is the best product to recycle and reuse in a different way, you know as per Central pollution control board the amount of garbage generated in India during FY 14–15 is 141000 Tons per day. In this they have collected around 127000 TPD and treated is 34752 TPD (27%) and landfilled is 4515 TPD. you can only imagine the amount of garbage we are throughout every day and the bad thing is after wrapping in the garbage bag we think that our work is over now it’s the problem of the garbage collecting person to disaggregate into wet and dry. Here is a list which if everybody will follow then we can reduce the number significantly and can recycle the waste in a better and efficient way and altogether we end up making earth a better place.
Collection: both the collecting of waste within a home or business and the gathering of it to a more centralized location
Segregation: separating waste by material for disposal
Transportation: moving waste from collection points to treatment and then to disposal
Treatment: treating the waste so that it can be disposed of without damaging the environment
Disposal: recycling, landfills, waste-to-energy plants, etc.
How Garbage Collection works in India
Waste Collection and Segregation
In India, waste collection and segregation are generally found in the same step. For this process, local Government or municipal corporations employed people named sweeper for specific areas whose job is to sweep and then pick up all the waste materials which are set out for collection in the area and not to segregate and load in trucks. Unfortunately, India has become somewhat dependent on this group doing their part to remove recyclable materials from the waste stream.
In one study of waste pickers in six Indian cities, it was discovered that they recovered approximately 20 percent of all waste. Across these six cities, it was estimated that about 80,000 people were responsible for recycling about 3 million tons.
Then these collected wastes are loaded onto trucks and taken out of the city for treatment and disposal. In many cases, these are open-top trucks, which allows waste to blow out the back of the truck during transport.
waste that makes it to the disposal stage should be treated and sent to either incineration or a landfill. In India, it’s estimated that more than 90 percent of waste is dumped in an unsatisfactory manner. cities have landfills that are backed up right against the city, and in far too many cases, people are actually living in these dump sites.
In 2016, the Deonar landfill next to Mumbai caught fire and burned for 10 days before it was finally put out. The resulting smog caused the city to shut down 70 schools. The Deonar dump is one of three serving Mumbai and covers a total of 325 acres. Dump sites like this are spread across India and are often susceptible to catching fire, just like the Deonar landfill did.
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